Developing Level-based Learning Materials: An Indonesian Adult Learners’ Attempt to Acquire Foreign Language Proficiency


Febriana Lestari, Indonesia, ID CLEaR2016-354;             Regarding the knowledge development, tertiary education scholars should involve in international events to enlarge the research network (Ruiz-Garrido, 2010). It triggers a problem particularly among scholars of non-English major for their lack of English proficiency (Meyer, 2009), confirmed by a preliminary survey to scholars in one state university in Indonesia. It also revealed a portrait of the lack of learning access. In relation to this problem, it is imperative that an innovation through an ESP learning material development is carried out. Departing from the needs analysis and supported by relevant theories i.e. andragogy learning principles (Knowless et al., 2005) and adult language learners’ characteristics (Lenneberg, 1981 cited in Krashen, 1982), an ESP material was level-based conceptualized. This paper attempts to profile the material implementation. Ten scholars were involved in a course program. The researcher employed an experimental design; however, some qualitative approaches are used to support the data. This paper answers that materials could counter the adult learners’ lacks due to the fossilization and establish their maturity in foreign language learning.

Keywords: level-based learning materials, Indonesian adult EFL learners, second language acquisition