Development of foreign language phonemic awareness of primary learners with dyslexia and dysgraphia

Silvia Pokrivčáková, University of Trnava, Slovakia;          Abstract: The basic reason for learning difficulties of dyslectic and dysgraphic learners is an insufficiently developed phonological and phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness is understood here as learner´s skill to receive and comprehend individual phonemes, as well as the skill to manipulate with them. In addition, it helps the learner connect phonemes with their graphic forms (letters). The paper presents the critical summary of teaching techniques and tools, tested in both research and teaching practice, which may help dyslectic and dysgraphic learners when training reading and writing English texts and which are at the same time attractive and beneficial enough for intact learners. Therefore, they help the teachers of primary English to deal with the complex management of the inclusive classroom.

Keywords: learning difficulties, dyslexia, dysgraphia, phonological awareness, phonemic awareness, phonics

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