The Components of modernity of Persian short stories in nineties AD
As a new approach in modern human’s ontology, Modernity, from the fifteenth century onwards, eclipsed scientific, cultural, economic and political arena and actually attempted to give identity to a social and cultural situation. This approach, leaving four historical stages behind (Renaissance, religious reformation, the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution), dominated its dialogue on much of the world and almost all the dignity of human life. Naturally, literature and related categories could not be deprived of the consequences of this. In Iran, shortly before and after the Constitutional Movement, gradually the entry of western writings and the influences of modern western thoughts were opened as well as the mind and language of writers and poets. Prose was metamorphosed and fresh authors were using short story as a modern form. Also, Persian short story in nineties benefited from this new look. Hence, the evaluation of the amount of modernity influences on writers is discussed in this research. To achieve this purpose, we have a glimpse into the history of modernity; then, after reviewing literature in the nineties and selecting eleven stories of eleven writers in this decade, we discovered the components of modernity in these stories. The results of this study show that the writers of this period were involved with traditional thoughts and modern thoughts based on dominant situations in society: these concerns had influences on a group of novelists in the light of content and the other novelists in the light of technique and structure.
Keywords: Modernity, Nineties, Persian short story