The Cultural Role of Landscape Architecture in Achievement of Sustainable Development

Zhila Darvishi Postin Doz, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran, ID LLCE2017-122;    Abstract: Landscape elements are now viewed as an important part of the broader structure of urban and neighborhood development rather than just recreation and leisure facilities. Most of the world has recognized the multifunctional use of landscape features and gardens for urban development. Beside, urban growth creates challenges recognized by the global community. Yet, it is argued, that open green spaces are important for the quality of life of an increasingly urbanized society. Sustainability and city regeneration strategies focus mainly on man-made and built components of the urban environment, however, in the last years is noticed an increasing interest for development of nature in cities. Following the industrial revolution with its massive urbanization in the 19th century and the explosive growth of urban areas in Iran, degradation of nature throughout the 20th century all increased the alienation between people and natural elements leading to lack of attention to natural features and design elements of traditional gardens or so called landscape architecture. The aim of this study is to assess the factors related to utilization and role of landscape architecture in evolution of urban structure in historic cities of Iran.

Keywords: City, Development, Urbanization.